Carbon in Earth -- The Deep Carbon Observatory has released its first major collective publication, Carbon in Earth, found here.
This 700-page book contains 20 chapters by more than 50 researchers from 9 countries. It integrates a vast body of research in physics, chemistry, biology, and Earth and space sciences. Every chapter not only synthesizes what we know about deep carbon, but also outlines the unanswered questions that will guide the DCO for the remainder of the decade and beyond. Carbon in Earth is intended as a benchmark both for the DCO and for the broader scientific community. Edited by Robert Hazen, Adrian Jones, and John Baross, this volume is published in the series Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry. You can find the full press release here.
Table of Contents:
1. Why Deep Carbon? (Hazen & Schiffries)
2. Carbon Mineralogy and Crystal Chemistry (Hazen et al.)
3. Structure, Bonding, and Mineralogy of Carbon at Extreme Conditions (Oganov et al.)
4. Carbon Mineral Evolution (Hazen et al.)
5. The Chemistry of Carbon in Aqueous Fluids at Crustal and Upper-mantle Conditions: Experimental and Theoretical Constraints (Manning et al.)
6. Primordial Origins of Earth’s Carbon (Marty et al.)
7. Ingassing, Storage, and Outgassing of Terrestrial Carbon Through Geologic Time (Dasgupta)
8. Carbon in the Core: Its Influence on the Properties of Core and Mantle (Wood et al.)
9. Carbon in Silicate Melts (Ni & Keppler)
10. Carbonate Melts and Carbonatites (Jones et al.)
11. Deep Carbon Emissions from Volcanoes (Burton et al.)
12. Diamonds and the Geology of Mantle Carbon (Shirey et al.)
13. Nanoprobes for Deep Carbon (Mao & Boulard)
14. On the Origins of Deep Hydrocarbons (Sephton & Hazen)
15. Laboratory Simulations of Abiotic Hydrocarbon Formation in Earth’s Deep Subsurface (McCollom)
16. Hydrocarbon Behavior at Nanoscale Interfaces (Cole et al.)
17. Nature and Extent of the Deep Biosphere (Colwell & D'Hondt)
18. Serpentinization, Carbon and Deep Life (Schrenk et al.)
19. High-Pressure Biochemistry and Biophysics (Meersman et al.)
20. The Deep Viriosphere: Assessing the Viral Impact on Microbial Community Dynamics in the Deep Subsurface (Anderson et al.)
Image Caption: Earth as seen from space. Elektro-L weather satellite image collected May 2011 by the Russian Federal Space Agency Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTS OMZ). Image was processed by James Drake (http://infinity-imagined.tumblr.com/) and can by found at http://planet--earth.ca.
In the News:
Carbon in Earth released as an open access pulblication, Geochemical Society, March 11, 2013.